The Nigerian dating scams target the lonely and vulnerable. The most common comment of victims who think they have found the love of their life is “I can’t believe I was so stupid! The Nigerian dating scams are hugely profitable. The Nigerians call them ‘maghas’ which is slang for gullible white people. The scammers spend their day trolling the dating sites and chat rooms for contact emails, and then send off thousands of fraudulent letters and emails awaiting the victim’s replies. They are offering the chance of finding true love and happiness, and there are plenty of takers! However sooner or later, the vulnerable hearts receive requests that will ultimately lead to financial losses and heartbreak. The scammers choose chat rooms and dating sites because the person in love offers the chance of the biggest payoffs. How Does the Scam Work?
Dating scan 13 weeks
JPSS will allow scientists and forecasters to monitor and predict weather patterns with increased speed and accuracy and is the key for continuity of long-standing climate measurements, allowing the study of long-term climate trends. The major challenge of NPOESS was jointly executing the program between three agencies of different size with divergent objectives and different acquisition procedures. The Office of Science and Technology, with the Office of Management and Budget and the National Security Council, as well as representatives from each agency, examined various options to increase the probability of success and reduce the risk to data continuity.
12 weeks pregnant – all you need to know. It’s been a busy few weeks: Everything is now in place – the organs, limbs, bones and muscles are in place and growing.
Performing the Standard Examination If you have an ultrasound examination in your doctor’s office, or with a radiologist, or other physician, the following are the minimum guidelines that should be met. These guidelines have been published not only by the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine, but also by the American College of Radiology , and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists The following are the guidelines that should be followed when performing a routine screening or Standard examination of the fetus.
Imaging Parameters for a Standard Fetal Examination Fetal cardiac activity, number, and presentation should be reported. Multiple pregnancies require the documentation of additional information: A qualitative or semiquantitative estimate of amniotic fluid should be reported. Although it is acceptable for experienced examiners to qualitatively estimate amniotic fluid volume, semiquantitative methods have been described for this purpose eg, amniotic fluid index, single deepest pocket, 2-diameter pocket.
The placental location, appearance, and relationship to the internal cervical os should recorded. This illustrates the cervix and the locatio of the anterior placenta. It is recognized that apparent placental position early in pregnancy may not correlate well with location at the time of delivery.
Technique The patient is examined while reclining, with the abdomen exposed. Particularly late in pregnancy, this may not be a comfortable position for the patient, who can experience symptoms from inferior vena cava compression by the heavy, gravid uterus. Women in this position should be watched carefully for agitation, shortness of breath, dizziness or faintness. Should any of these symptoms occur, role the patient onto her side and the symptoms will usually disappear within a few seconds.
You may hear your baby’s heartbeat for the first time at your dating dating scan usually happens between eight weeks and 14 weeks. Some scanning equipment doesn’t provide sound, though, so your sonographer may only show you your baby’s heartbeat on the screen.
The presence of a pregnancy and detection of the fetal heart can be seen from 6 weeks gestation by vaginal scan and from weeks by abdominal scan. Accurate measurements and images are taken of the gestational sac, the crown to rump length of the embryo, to accurately date the pregnancy, and assess the pelvic region to exclude pathology. This test is performed between These tests are designed to detect the three common birth defects: Please click here for more information about the Harmony and Panorama tests Chorionic villus sampling A chorionic villus sampling diagnostic test CVS is performed between weeks of pregnancy.
Using ultrasound guidance, a sample of placental tissue is taken using a needle inserted through the abdominal wall or fine forceps through the cervix. The tissue collected is then tested for chromosomal abnormalities. Preliminary results are usually available within working days with a full report available within weeks. Amniocentesis An amniocentesis is performed from 15 weeks onwards. Using ultrasound guidance, a sample of amniotic fluid is taken using a needle inserted through the abdominal wall.
The fluid collected is then tested for chromosomal abnormalities. Fetal anatomy scan Between weeks the anatomy of your baby is scanned in detail so that any information about the many body systems, such as the urinary tract, digestive tract, heart and major blood vessels, brain and others, can be imaged and interpreted. The careful and accurate measurements made during the scan help to monitor the wellbeing of your baby.
First Trimester Scans
Answers 7 Answered by brittneyp – Jan. She was still a girl! Was this answer helpful? Yes No Answered by brittneyp – Jan. At 14 weeks she saw what could be either boy parts or the umbilical cord once then saw girl parts 2 times, both her and the nurse were leaning towards a girl. At 16 weeks I didn’t ask due to being sick..
Scans in early pregnancy are usually performed in the first trimester around 12 weeks. You may have a earlier scan, if you are experiencing pain or bleeding for example or unsure of your LMP dates.
Doppler Ultrasound The doppler shift principle has been used for a long time in fetal heart rate detectors. Further developments in doppler ultrasound technology in recent years have enabled a great expansion in its application in Obstetrics, particularly in the area of assessing and monitoring the well-being of the fetus, its progression in the face of intrauterine growth restriction, and the diagnosis of cardiac malformations.
Doppler ultrasound is presently most widely employed in the detection of fetal cardiac pulsations and pulsations in the various fetal blood vessels. The “Doptone” fetal pulse detector is a commonly used handheld device to detect fetal heartbeat using the same doppler principle. Blood flow characteristics in the fetal blood vessels can be assessed with Doppler ‘flow velocity waveforms’. Diminished flow, particularly in the diastolic phase of a pulse cycle is associated with compromise in the fetus.
Are ultrasound conception dates accurate?
First trimester ultrasound is performed in the first months of a pregnancy. Pregnancy ultrasounds are performed mainly using transabdominal ultrasound. For many women, especially after 8 weeks gestation, sufficient information about the baby may be obtained with transabdominal ultrasound only.
Though not quite on a par with the anti-slavery movement of the 19th century, temperance was a very significant morally based social movement in the U.S. and had its roots in the still pervasive damage done to some individuals and their families by the improper use of alcohol.
Practical Obstetrical Ultrasound, p Rockville, MD, Aspen, Averaging the gestational ages derived from two or more measurements has been shown to be more accurate than using any single parameter. Because of the greater accuracy of the early study, ultrasound examinations subsequent to an early study should not be used to revise the estimated date of confinement EDC , but rather should be used as a measure of the quality of fetal growth between the two studies.
Similarly, it is not appropriate to revise an EDC on the basis of an ultrasound examination if the patient’s menstrual dates are within the range of error of the ultrasound method. If significant discrepancy is seen between two ultrasonographically measured fetal dimensions more than a 2-week difference , then the ultrasonographer must consider the possibility of an error in measurement technique.
If a critical reevaluation reveals no error, then asymmetry in fetal growth may be present. Growth asymmetry may occur as a result of physiologic alteration in fetal head shape brachycephaly or dolichocephaly or in association with intrauterine growth restriction IUGR , macrosomia, or a fetal anomaly. The survey includes a confirmation of fetal number, viability, position, assessment of amniotic fluid volume, and location of the placenta.
In assessing fetal biometry, the applicable standard fetal measurements already discussed, including CRL, BPD, abdominal circumference, and femur length, should be taken. The estimation of fetal weight is a clinically useful parameter computed from the fetal biometric measurements. Several equations have been produced based on fetal biometry that estimate fetal weight. One or more of these usually is incorporated into the software of most contemporary ultrasound machines.
Ultrasound Accuracy: Is It a Boy or a Girl?
Dating and viability What is a dating scan? A dating scan is an ultrasound examination which is performed in order to establish the gestational age of the pregnancy. Dating scans also reveal other important information such as:
A dating scan is one that is performed in order to establish the gestational age of the pregnancy, and also reveal important information such as; the presence of a heart beat, the number of fetuses and gestation sacs as well as any unusual features.
Clinical Background [ return to contents ] Prenatal screening and diagnosis are routinely offered for detection of neural tube defects NTDs , Down syndrome, and trisomy Since the introduction of cell-free DNA testing, screening for trisomy 13 has also been offered. The intent of such screening and diagnosis is to enable pregnant women to make informed decisions regarding their pregnancies and be better prepared in the event of the birth of an affected infant.
The Disorders Neural Tube Defects NTD Neural tube defects NTDs anencephaly, open spina bifida or meningomyelocele, and encephalocele are a heterogeneous group of congenital malformations resulting from a failure of fusion of the neural tube. Anencephaly is almost always fatal at or within a few hours of birth. The survival rate and the degree of handicap surgically correctable to severely disabling of children with meningomyelocele or encephalocele vary with the location and severity of the lesion and the treatment given.
These can include heart defects, brain or spinal cord abnormalities, extra fingers or toes, cleft lip or cleft palate, and poorly developed eyes. Trisomy 13 occurs in about 1 in 8, newborns 3 ; many of these die within their first days or weeks of life. As with the trisomies mentioned above, the risk of having an affected fetus increases with increasing maternal age.
Screening is optimally performed between 16 and 18 weeks of gestation, although samples may be obtained as early as 15 weeks and as late as Different medians are used for white, African American, Hispanic, and Asian populations. Adjustments are made to the AFP MoM for maternal weight and insulin-dependent diabetes type 1 diabetes. These adjustments are required because blood volume varies with maternal weight, and women with type 1 diabetes have lower levels of AFP and a higher incidence of NTD relative to women without type 1 diabetes.
Down Syndrome Screening can be performed in the first or second trimester or in both the first and second trimesters.
Ultrasound Scans- Cause for Concern
Follow Medic8Health Dating scan During the course of the pregnancy, every mother should have at least two scans. These help to ensure the pregnancy goes smoothly, and to identify any problems ahead of time. The dating scan is generally the first ultrasound that every mother-to-be will have.
The first trimester is months one, two, and three of your pregnancy. Below are scan pictures taken during the early weeks of pregnancy. Measurements taken at these early scans will help to; confirm a pregnancy, date the pregnancy and to see any problems that may occur in the pregnancy (low lying placenta, twins etc.).
Prenatal Emergencies Pregnancy Scans An ultrasound is used for pregnancy scans. The ultrasound scan uses sound waves to build a picture of the baby inside the womb. It is completely painless and with no known side effects, and can be carried out at any stage of the pregnancy. Most women are very excited about pregnancy scans because it gives them a glimpse of their babies.
However, the scan may detect serious abnormalities, and we advise women to be prepared for such kind of information. A scan tells us the measurements of the baby, whether he or she is growing as expected and an accurate date of the expected delivery. The procedure is carried out by a specially trained person called a sonographer. It is done in a dimly lit room so that the sonographer can get good images of the baby.
You will be instructed to lower your skirt or trousers below your hip and raise your top to your chest. The sonographer will apply ultrasound gel on your tummy making sure there is good contact between the machine and your skin. The sonographer then passes a hand held device called a probe on your tummy, which sends ultrasound waves and picks them when they bounce back.
is your doc going by scan dates or period dates??
Are dating scans accurate? December 24, Patient: My scan gave me a due date of 22nd january If I count back 38 weeks it gives me a conception date of 1st may. Me and boyfriend split up and I had a one night stand on 5th april. I then had bleeding on 15th april like a period, heavy lasted 3,4 days with cramps.
10 weeks pregnant – all you need to know. Your uterus is the size of a large orange now, and your baby is around 3cm long.
Obstetric Pregnancy Obstetric Pregnancy For all Obstetrics scans, no special preparation is needed, although it is best to wear loose clothing that can easily be lifted or removed in order to expose your abdomen. You will lie on your back on an examination couch and the transducer moved back and forth across your stomach in order to gain the best possible image of the fetus.
Ultrasound imaging in pregnancy is widely used to evaluate the baby. It can determine if a baby is present, the position of the fetus and if there is a multiple pregnancy. It can also help to diagnose abnormalities or problems, help determine the age of the pregnancy and subsequent due date as well as showing the position of the placenta in relation to the birth canal.
There is also then a routine scan at 20 weeks. Individual circumstances may dictate that more scans may be offered and a breakdown of what you could receive is detailed below. Early viability scan This usually takes place at 6 to 10 weeks of pregnancy.